Fire Safety Act 2021 and Fire Safety (England) Regulations 2022

Find out more about the Fire Safety Act 2021 and Fire Safety (England) Regulations 2022 and what it means for your business.

The Fire Safety (England) Regulations 2022 came into effect on 23 January 2023 and were introduced to implement the recommendations of the Grenfell Tower Inquiry Phase 1 report. The regulations apply to England only and are being introduced under Article 24 of the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.

The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 is the primary fire safety legislation in England and Wales, and it applies to all non-domestic premises as well as the communal parts of residential buildings. Changes to this legislation have been introduced through the Building Safety Act 2022.

The Fire Safety Act 2021 came into effect in May 2022 and clarified that the building’s structure and external walls (including windows, balconies, cladding, insulations and fixings) fall within the scope of the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005. Therefore, the risk of fire relating to the external walls is a matter which should be considered as part of the premises risk assessment.

Read more about the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005.

Who is affected by the regulations?

The regulations apply to the following buildings in England:

High-rise residential buildings:

Responsible persons of high-rise residential buildings – buildings at least 18 metres or seven storeys in height – are required to:

Residential buildings with storeys over 11 metres:

Responsible persons of buildings with storeys over 11 metres are required to carry out annual checks on flat entrance fire doors and quarterly checks of all fire doors in the communal areas.

Multi-occupied residential buildings:

Responsible persons of multi-occupied residential buildings with two or more sets of domestic premises are required to:

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