The Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005

Fire safety law for businesses changed in October 2006 when the Regulatory Reform (Fire Safety) Order 2005 was introduced.  From this date, fire certificates were abolished and the responsibility for the safety of anyone using business premises was placed with the business owner.

The law

  • Emphasises the prevention of fires and risk reduction.
  • Makes it your responsibility to ensure the safety of everyone who uses your premises and those in the immediate vicinity.
  • Removes the need for fire certificates.

Guides and resources

A  number of guides are available to help you asses your business and will help you to:

  • Comply with safety law
  • Carry out a Fire Risk Assessment
  • Identify general fire safety precautions you need to have in place

The guides are designed so that a responsible person, with limited formal training or experience, should be able to carry out a Fire Safety Risk Assessment. If you read the guide and decide you are unable to apply the guidance then you should seek expert advice.

These guides are also appropriate for more complex, multi-occupied buildings, enabling you to address fire safety issues in individual occupancies.

More complex premises may need to be assessed by a person who has comprehensive training or experience in fire risk assessment.

Click here to visit the .gov website where the guides are available.

Other guides relating to specific subjects are available from the following links.

People with special needs

Measures must be taken to ensure people with special needs can benefit from the above Fire Safety Risk Assessment. Further guidance can be obtained from this page on the .gov website.

Dangerous substances

You will need to take account of where you use and store flammable substances and determine the necessary precautions to minimise the chance of them being involved in a fire. More information can be found in Dangerous Substances and Explosive Atmospheres Regulations 2002 (DSEAR) on the Health and Safety Executive's website.

Bed and Breakfast/Guest Houses

There is also additional information on complying with fire safety law for people who provide sleeping accommodation in small bed & breakfasts, guest houses, self-catering accommodation and inns with rooms.  For this document visit the .gov website here.